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Coimbatore, also known as Kovai, is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is the administrative headquarters of Coimbatore District. It is known as Manchester of South India. It is a part of Kongu Nadu region of Tamilnadu ruled by the ancient Western Ganga Dynasty.

Coimbatore is known for its textile factories, engineering firms, automobile parts manufacturers, health care facilities, educational institutions, pleasant weather, friendly culture and hospitality. Situated on the banks of the Noyyal river, Coimbatore's name comes from the localo Godess here, Koniyamman. Koniyattamuttur, or "Koniyamuttur" later metamorphosed to Koyamuttur which is anglicised as Coimbatore.

Coimbatore is situated in the extreme west of Tamil Nadu, near the state of Kerala. It is surrounded by mountains on the west, with reserve forests and the (Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) on the northern side. The eastern side of the district, including the city is predominantly dry. The entire western and northern part of the district borders the Western Ghats with the Nilgiri biosphere as well as the Anaimalai and Munnar ranges. A western pass to Kerala, popularly referred to as the Palghat Gap provides its boundary.

(Courtesy: Wikipedia)

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Geography

Because of its close proximity to the Western Ghats, the district is rich in fauna.

Coimbatore is situated on the banks of river Noyyal. Many lakes and ponds were constructed near the river during ancient periods. The Coimbatore city alone has Nine lakes (wetlands). In most of the urban ecosystems, these wetlands are the major life supporting component. They support high concentrations of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrate species. The Coimbatore Urban wetlands harbours more than 125 species of Resident and migratory birds, August - October being the peak season. Spot-billed Pelican, Painted Stork, Open Billed Stork, Ibis,Spot-billed Duck, Teal, Black Winged Stilt are some of the migratory birds that visit Coimbatore wetlands regularly.

Apart from the species common to the plains, wild elephants, wild boars leopards, tigers, bison, various species of deer, Nilgiri Tahr, sloth bear and black-headed Oriole can also be found. The Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary (88 km) in the Western Ghats at an altitude of 1,400 meters covers an area of 958 km. Among the region livestock animals are Kangeyam breed bulls (cross-bred by Mandradiar family in 17th century to suit the terrain). This breed, which helped the region gain a foothold in the dairy industry, are found only in Coimbatore and neighbouring districts. More than 20% of the district is classified as forest, lying in the west and north. The forests here are abundant in commercially significant trees such as teak, sandalwood,rosewood and bamboo. The Nilgiris slope viz. the Mettupalayam range is rich in sandalwood trees and bamboo. They vary from rich tropical evergreen forests of Punachi range to jungles of shrubs in southern ranges.Apart from the high altitude regions of Western ghats, most of the forest area has come under Lantana invasion. The locals refer to it as Siriki chedi.

(Courtesy: Wikipedia)

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Climate

Coimbatore is a very pleasant,salubrious climate city situated in the western parts of the state of Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore is situated at an elevation of about 398 meters. The temperature in this part of India is quite pleasant throughout the year. The temperature during both summers and winters varies anywhere between 37 'C to 25 'C. The best time to visit Coimbatore is between the months of July to February, Highest temperature is 41'C and lowest is 12'C.

Due to the presence of the mountain pass, major parts of the district benefit from the south-west monsoon in the months from June to August. After a warm, humid September, the regular monsoon starts from October lasting till early November. These monsoons are brought about by the retreating North-eastern monsoon. Annual rainfall is 61cm
Although this rainfall is not enough to sustain the needs of the city for the entire year, small rivers like the Siruvani and Atthikadavu fulfill the city's water needs. The Siruvani river is well known for having water of the purist taste. This is because of large numbers of Amla trees present in the mountains where the Siruvani river originates; this making the Siruvani river one of the greatest assets of Coimbatore.
Coimbatore is generally a dry district apart from the Noyyal River basin and occasional over-flowing streams from the Western Ghats, which terminate in the city's large tanks. The soil is predominantly black, which is suitable for cotton cultivation, but it also has some red loamy soil. Coimbatore falls under the Class III/IV Seismic Zone, having experienced a 6.0 Richter scale earthquake in 1900.The Salim Ali Center for Ornithology and Natural History is located at Anaikatty in Coimbatore district.

(Courtesy: Wikipedia)

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Temples

The city has two major temples, Marudamalai and Perur.

Marudamalai
The word "Marudhachalapathy" or "Maruthamalai Andavar" means Master of Hills, abounding in Marudha trees. The name has also a legendary origin. A Siddha, overcome by excessive thirst and tiredness, sought shelter under the shade of a Marudha tree and prayed to the mercy of the Lord Muruga for a shower of water, which sprang at once as though by a miracle from beneath the tree. As water gushed out from the roots of the marudha tree, the Siddha leaped in joy, glorifying Muruga as the Lord of "Marudha" and "Jalam" (water) with the passage of time, "Marudhajalapathi" became "Marudhachalapathy".
According to epic, a saint prayed to God sitting under a marudha tree for helping him quench his thirst and tiredness. Soon he noticed water springing from beneath the tree. Overwhelmed, he pronounced 'Lord Muruga' as the Lord of Marudhajalapathi. In due course it became 'Marudamalai'. History has it that Pambatti Siddhar, was originally a snake charmer and was initiated into the world of philosophy by a Siddhar by name Sattai munivar. Pambatti Siddhar is said to have performed several miracles, and written extensively on herbal medicine. His songs are addressed to snakes.
Location of the temple: Sri Subramanyasami temple is located at Marudamalai, 13 km North - West of Coimbatore, Industrial city of Tamil Nadu, India.
The Garba graha of this temple was built by Karikala Chola in the early Christian era. It is a Shiva shrine with a Swayambumoorthy.
The Sthalapuranam states that when the calf of Kamadhenu was playing in the forest of arasu trees its legs got plunged into a hard object from which blood gushed out. It was then discovered that the object was nothing but a sacred Siva Lingam. This led a temple to be built here. It was built over the Moolasthanam and worshipped by the Saivaites.The place became a Vaipu Sthalam in Saivalore. Since it was sung by Saint Appar and by Saint Sundarar in their Devaram. The temple is located in Perur, 6 km from Coimbatore on the Siruvani main road.The Temple attracts a large concourse of people from throughout the land.

(Courtesy: Wikipedia)

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Medical Care

The city has numerous hospitals. Apart from the Government hospital, several multi-facility hospitals function in the city. The district's health department is amongst the best in terms of implementing government-initiated health schemes. Also, several rare surgical procedures have taken place here. The polio eradication programme is heavily assisted by the city's Rotary Clubs, who also regularly donate ambulances for smaller hospitals. The city also has numerous homeopathic clinics run by NGOs.
Coimbatore: An emerging healthcare destination
Fast pace of industrialisation, spiraling population and the increase in the health awareness have led to the growth of the healthcare industry in Coimbatore. The city stands second to Chennai in the Tamilnadu for highly affordable and quality healthcare deliveries of international standards.
Coimbatore is also the preferred healthcare destination to the floating population from nearby towns and districts and also nearby districts of Kerala. The growth of the hospitals in the city can be attributed to the vision of the industrialists here to bridge the gap between growing health needs and the existing services. Many of the private hospitals in the city are promoted by industrialists as an extension of their business portfolio and their service to the society.
The first healthcare centre started in 1909, later became the Coimbatore Medical College Hospital (CMCH) during 1960s. Being the head quarter of the district government hospital, CMCH with a capacity of 1150 beds treats more than 20 lakh patients every year. The history of large private players coming to the healthcare scenario started with the commencing of the G Kuppusamy Naidu Memorial Hospital (GKNMH). It was started 50 years ago by the Kuppusamy Naidu Memorial Trust primarily as a speciality hospital for gynecology and pediatrics. Over years, it developed into a multi speciality hospital with 300 beds.
Notably, majority of the big private players in the city are registered as trust hospitals. The ushering in of the corporate multi speciality hospital a decade ago has intensified the competition among the private hospitals. This intense competition has necessitated advanced medical technology and better patient care. Few of the super speciality hospitals in the city have also slowly moved into specialities like cardiac care, cancer treatment and eye care. Amidst the super speciality and multi speciality hospitals also function wide range of speciality hospitals. To maintain and extend their patient base, few of the these hospitals have also added on other disciples that can be accommodated with the existing specialities. Patients who used to travel to other metros now have healthcare deliveries at their doorstep. Apart from providing healthcare services of international standards, hospitals in Coimbatore are also trendsetters. When hospitals in Mumbai and Bangalore are in the infant stages of establishing hospital networking, hospitals in Coimbatore have already taken a lead. KG Hospitals has tied-up with more than ten clinics in the nearby towns to provide expert medical consultancy. These clinics would refer to the partner hospital for tertiary care of its patients. A year back, KG Hospital also established a satellite diagnostic at Tirupur. According to Dr G Bakthavatsalam, chairman, K G Hospital, the satellite diagnostic centre is an extension of the hospital and its services. The satellite centre equipped with the state-of-the-art medical devices is helpful to the medical fraternity and the people of Tirupur to undertake preliminary investigations at ease. Similarly KMCH has also established a diagnostic centre, which it calls as a city centre to provide primary and secondary care. Hospitals here are also engaged in emergency networks, clinical trials and other new concepts that are explored by the hospitals elsewhere in the country to increase the patient base and satisfaction. Private hospitals in the city have also joined with NGOs in community service by establishing trauma care centers and emergency networks. The trauma care project implemented by the private hospitals in association with Rotary along the National Highway is one such. A group of private hospitals, government hospital and the communication department have also joined hands to set up an emergency medical service system in the city.
With a large array of multi speciality and speciality hospitals existing and rendering yeomen service, can the city absorb new comers? The demand and the supply is not in perfect sync and the gap has to be bridged by few more hospitals, say experts.
Coimbatore is all set to emerge as one of the important hub for medical tourism. Kovai Medical Center & Hospital(KMCH) G Kuppusamy Naidu Memorial Hospital(GKNM), KG Hospital, PSG Hospitals & Ramakrishna Hospital are major super speciality hospitals. There are other hospitals with specialisation areas. Ganga Hospital(Orthopaedics, Neuro-Surgery), GEM Hospital(Laparoscopic procedures).Coimbatore Christian medical center for the poor and needy.

(Courtesy: Wikipedia)

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